One of the topics discussed during the 2015 San Diego Occupational Safety Week was HIV prevention. A police education class was held to improve awareness and give more meaning to the celebration. They aim to see a considerable impact of HIV prevention on police education programs, which did have good outcomes in certain European countries. In San Diego, police practices are among the key influences of HIV among those who do injectable drug use. Thus, since 2015 onwards, celebrating occupational safety week has always included PEPs which took up discussions on HIV prevention and treatment, viral diseases, and behaviors that inhibit HIV prevention and protection.
As HIV is a worldwide dilemma in this day and age, it is only wise to learn more about it as citizens and community members. Let us further discuss HIV, its causes, and warnings signs to watch out for.
What Is HIV?
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV is a virus that destroys the body’s immune system. When HIV is left untreated, it infects and damages the CD4 cells, a component of the helper T cells. As HIV progressively kills CD4 cells, the body weakens and is more prone to be contaminated with many types of cancers and infections easily.
One can get HIV through body fluids including semen, vaginal and rectal fluids, blood, and breast milk. It doesn’t, however, spread through water, air, or casual contact.
HIV is a long-term disease, and as of today, it is incurable, although many experts are continuously working to find a cure. Antiretroviral therapy is a kind of treatment that is effective in managing the condition and allows the individual to live for several years. Without any treatment whatsoever, an HIV-infected individual has a lifespan of approximately three years.
If you have no idea, or if you suspect that you have HIV, watch out for these warning signs:
- Exhausted all the time
- Fever for over ten days
- Night sweats
- Unexplained weight loss
- Long-term diarrhea
- Shortness of breath
- Inflamed groin or neck lymph nodes
- Purple spots that can’t be explained
Taking care of your body by being aware of the risks of HIV and its causes, you can lessen the chances of getting infected. Practice safe sex and always live life, consuming things in moderation.